QCD structure of nuclear interactions
The research presented in this dissertation investigated selected processes involving baryons and nuclei in hard scattering reactions. These processes are characterized by the production of particles with large energies and transverse momenta. Through these processes, this work explored both, the constituent (quark) structure of baryons (specifically nucleons and Δ-Isobars), and the mechanisms through which the interactions between these constituents ultimately control the selected reactions. ^ The first of such reactions is the hard nucleon-nucleon elastic scattering, which was studied here considering the quark exchange between the nucleons to be the dominant mechanism of interaction in the constituent picture. In particular, it was found that an angular asymmetry exhibited by proton-neutron elastic scattering data is explained within this framework if a quark-diquark picture dominates the nucleon’s structure instead of a more traditional SU(6) three quarks picture. The latter yields an asymmetry around 90o center of mass scattering with a sign opposite to what is experimentally observed. ^ The second process is the hard breakup by a photon of a nucleon-nucleon system in light nuclei. Proton-proton (pp) and proton-neutron (pn) breakup in 3He, and ΔΔ-isobars production in deuteron breakup were analyzed in the hard rescattering model (HRM), which in conjunction with the quark interchange mechanism provides a Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) description of the reaction. Through the HRM, cross sections for both channels in 3He photodisintegration were computed without the need of a fitting parameter. The results presented here for pp breakup show excellent agreement with recent experimental data. ^ In ΔΔ-isobars production in deuteron breakup, HRM angular distributions for the two ΔΔ channels were compared to the pn channel and to each other. An important prediction fromthis study is that the Δ++Δ- channel consistently dominates Δ+Δ0, which is in contrast with models that unlike the HRM consider a ΔΔ system in the initial state of the interaction. For such models both channels should have the same strength. These results are important in developing a QCD description of the atomic nucleus.^
Physics, Theory|Physics, Radiation
Carlos G Granados,
"QCD structure of nuclear interactions"
(January 1, 2011).
ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU.