Interactions of different arsenic species with thols: Chemical and biological implications
Arsenic has been classified as a group I carcinogen. It has been ranked number one in the CERCLA priority list of hazardous substances due to its frequency, toxicity and potential for human exposure. Paradoxically, arsenic has been employed as a successful chemotherapeutic agent for acute promyelocytic leukemia and has found some success in multiple myeloma. Since arsenic toxicity and efficacy is species dependent, a speciation method, based on the complementary use of reverse phase and cation exchange chromatography, was developed. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS), as an element specific detector, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometer (ESI-MS), as a molecule specific detector, were employed. Low detection limits in the µg. L−1 range on the ICP-MS and mg. L−1 range on the ESI-MS were obtained. The developed methods were validated against each other through the use of a Deming plot. With the developed speciation method, the effects of both pH on the stability of As species and reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration on the formation and stability of arsenic glutathione complexes were studied. ^ To identify arsenicals in multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines post arsenic trioxide (ATO) and darinaparsin (DAR) incubation, an extraction method based on the use of ultrasonic probe was developed. Extraction tools and solvents were evaluated and the effect of GSH concentration on the quantitation of arsenic glutathione (As-GSH) complexes in MM cell extracts was studied. The developed method was employed for the identification of metabolites in DAR incubated cell lines where the effect of extraction pH, DAR incubation concentration and incubation time on the relative distribution of the As metabolites was assessed. A new arsenic species, dimethyarsinothioyl glutathione (DMMTA V-GS), a pentavalent thiolated arsenical, was identified in the cell extracts through the use of liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The formation of the new metabolite in the extracts was dependent on the decomposition of s-dimethylarsino glutathione (DMA(GS)). These results have major implications in both the medical and toxicological fields of As because they involve the metabolism of a chemotherapeutic agent and the role sulfur compounds play in this mechanism. ^
Yehiayan, Lucy, "Interactions of different arsenic species with thols: Chemical and biological implications" (2010). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI3430526.