Efficient asynchronous scheduling algorithms for cost-effective buffered crossbar switches

Masoumeh Karimi, Florida International University


Buffered crossbar switches have recently attracted considerable attention as the next generation of high speed interconnects. They are a special type of crossbar switches with an exclusive buffer at each crosspoint of the crossbar. They demonstrate unique advantages over traditional unbuffered crossbar switches, such as high throughput, low latency, and asynchronous packet scheduling. However, since crosspoint buffers are expensive on-chip memories, it is desired that each crosspoint has only a small buffer.^ This dissertation proposes a series of practical algorithms and techniques for efficient packet scheduling for buffered crossbar switches. To reduce the hardware cost of such switches and make them scalable, we considered partially buffered crossbars, whose crosspoint buffers can be of an arbitrarily small size. Firstly, we introduced a hybrid scheme called Packet-mode Asynchronous Scheduling Algorithm (PASA) to schedule best effort traffic. PASA combines the features of both distributed and centralized scheduling algorithms and can directly handle variable length packets without Segmentation And Reassembly (SAR). We showed by theoretical analysis that it achieves 100% throughput for any admissible traffic in a crossbar with a speedup of two. Moreover, outputs in PASA have a large probability to avoid the more time-consuming centralized scheduling process, and thus make fast scheduling decisions. Secondly, we proposed the Fair Asynchronous Segment Scheduling (FASS) algorithm to handle guaranteed performance traffic with explicit flow rates. FASS reduces the crosspoint buffer size by dividing packets into shorter segments before transmission. It also provides tight constant performance guarantees by emulating the ideal Generalized Processor Sharing (GPS) model. Furthermore, FASS requires no speedup for the crossbar, lowering the hardware cost and improving the switch capacity. Thirdly, we presented a bandwidth allocation scheme called Queue Length Proportional (QLP) to apply FASS to best effort traffic. QLP dynamically obtains a feasible bandwidth allocation matrix based on the queue length information, and thus assists the crossbar switch to be more work-conserving. The feasibility and stability of QLP were proved, no matter whether the traffic distribution is uniform or non-uniform. Hence, based on bandwidth allocation of QLP, FASS can also achieve 100% throughput for best effort traffic in a crossbar without speedup.^

Subject Area

Engineering, Computer|Engineering, Electronics and Electrical

Recommended Citation

Karimi, Masoumeh, "Efficient asynchronous scheduling algorithms for cost-effective buffered crossbar switches" (2009). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI3393406.