Essays on firm behavior and firm performance

Yuanyuan Peng, Florida International University

Abstract

This dissertation comprises three individual chapters in an effort to examine different explanatory variables that affect firm performance. ^ Chapter Two proposes an additional determinant of firm survival. Based on a detailed examination of firm survival in the British automobile industry between 1895 and 1970, we conclude that a firm's selection of submarket (defined by quality level) influenced survival. In contrast to findings for the US automobile industry, there is no evidence of first-mover advantage in the market as a whole. However, we do find evidence of first-mover advantage after conditioning on submarket choice. ^ Chapter Three examines the effects of product line expansion on firm performance in terms of survival time. Based on a detailed examination of firm survival time in the British automobile industry between 1895 and 1970, we find that diversification exerts a positive effect on firm survival. Furthermore, our findings support the literature with respect to the impacts of submarket types, pre-entry experience, and timing of entry on firm survival time. ^ Chapter Four examines corporate diversification in U.S. manufacturing and service firms. We develop measures of how related a firm's diverse activities are using input-output data and the NAILS classification to construct indexes of "vertical relatedness" and "complementarity". Strong relationships between these two measures are found. We utilize profitability and excess value as the measure for firm performance. Econometric analysis reveals that there is no relationship between the degree of relatedness of diversification and firm performance for the study period. ^

Subject Area

Business Administration, Management|Economics, General|Economics, Commerce-Business

Recommended Citation

Peng, Yuanyuan, "Essays on firm behavior and firm performance" (2007). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI3280162.
http://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/dissertations/AAI3280162

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