Multidimensional classification and diagnosis of leukemia in flow cytometry

Nuannuan Zong, Florida International University

Abstract

This research is to establish new optimization methods for pattern recognition and classification of different white blood cells in actual patient data to enhance the process of diagnosis. Beckman-Coulter Corporation supplied flow cytometry data of numerous patients that are used as training sets to exploit the different physiological characteristics of the different samples provided. The methods of Support Vector Machines (SVM) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) were used as promising pattern classification techniques to identify different white blood cell samples and provide information to medical doctors in the form of diagnostic references for the specific disease states, leukemia. The obtained results prove that when a neural network classifier is well configured and trained with cross-validation, it can perform better than support vector classifiers alone for this type of data. Furthermore, a new unsupervised learning algorithm---Density based Adaptive Window Clustering algorithm (DAWC) was designed to process large volumes of data for finding location of high data cluster in real-time. It reduces the computational load to ∼O(N) number of computations, and thus making the algorithm more attractive and faster than current hierarchical algorithms. ^

Subject Area

Engineering, Biomedical

Recommended Citation

Zong, Nuannuan, "Multidimensional classification and diagnosis of leukemia in flow cytometry" (2006). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI3249728.
http://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/dissertations/AAI3249728

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