Characterization of design and economic sensitivity of vapor phase carbon adsorption systems to environmental uncertainties

Justin Tak-Lee Leung, Florida International University

Abstract

Vapor phase carbon adsorption systems are used to remove aromatics, aliphatics, and halogenated hydrocarbons. The adsorption capacity of granular activated carbon is reduced when environmental parameters (temperature, pressure, and humidity) interfere with homogeneous surface diffusion and pore distribution dynamics. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of parametric uncertainties in adsorption efficiency. ^ Modified versions of the Langmuir isotherm in conjunction with thermodynamic equations described gaseous adsorption of single component influent onto microporous media. Experimental test results derived from Wang et al. (1999) simulated adsorption kinetics while the Myer and monsoon Langmuir constant accounted for isothermal gas compression and energetic heterogeneity under thermodynamic equilibrium conditions. Responsiveness of adsorption capacity to environmental uncertainties was analyzed by statistical sensitivity and modeled by breakthrough curves. Results indicated that extensive fluctuations in adsorption capacity significantly reduced carbon consumption while isothermal variations had a pronounced effect on saturation capacity. ^

Subject Area

Engineering, Environmental

Recommended Citation

Justin Tak-Lee Leung, "Characterization of design and economic sensitivity of vapor phase carbon adsorption systems to environmental uncertainties" (January 1, 2003). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. Paper AAI1419259.
http://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/dissertations/AAI1419259

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