Evaluation of the cytotoxic and cytostatic activities of medicinal plants used by Peruvian healers against cancer-related symptoms

Maria Cecilia Garcia Espinoza, Florida International University

Abstract

Twelve plants used medicinally in Callejon de Huaylas, Department of Ancash, northeastern Peru were selected and screened in vitro for cytotoxic and cytostatic activities. Traditional preparations, aqueous extracts and organic extracts (methanol:dimethyl chloride) were tested against murine leukemia P388 cells using flow cytometry. Seventy-five percent or more of the traditional and aqueous extracts were cytostatic at concentrations of 1mg/ml. For organic extracts, cytostatic activity ranged from 8.3% (at 6.25 μg/ml) to 58.3% (at 100 μg/ml). Quinchamalium procumbens, Ophryosporus chilca and Baccharis genistelloides showed strong activity. Extracts of Brachyotum rostratum, Monnina salicifolia, and Orthrosanthus chimboracensis were particularly interesting, since they were cytostatic but not cytotoxic at concentrations of 0.5 mg/ml. These Andean plants merit further analysis. The high percentage of activity found among the traditional preparations suggests that the traditional medical knowledge of Callejon de Huaylas healers deserves respect and merits further research. ^

Subject Area

Biology, Botany|Health Sciences, Oncology

Recommended Citation

Maria Cecilia Garcia Espinoza, "Evaluation of the cytotoxic and cytostatic activities of medicinal plants used by Peruvian healers against cancer-related symptoms" (January 1, 2000). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. Paper AAI1400355.
http://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/dissertations/AAI1400355

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