A Biologically Plausible Supervised Learning Method for Spiking Neurons with Real-World Applications

Lilin Guo, Florida International University

Abstract

Learning is central to infusing intelligence to any biologically inspired system. This study introduces a novel Cross-Correlated Delay Shift (CCDS) learning method for spiking neurons with the ability to learn and reproduce arbitrary spike patterns in a supervised fashion with applicability to spatiotemporal information encoded at the precise timing of spikes. By integrating the cross-correlated term, axonal and synapse delays, the CCDS rule is proven to be both biologically plausible and computationally efficient. The proposed learning algorithm is evaluated in terms of reliability, adaptive learning performance, generality to different neuron models, learning in the presence of noise, effects of its learning parameters and classification performance. The results indicate that the proposed CCDS learning rule greatly improves classification accuracy when compared to the standards reached with the Spike Pattern Association Neuron (SPAN) learning rule and the Tempotron learning rule. ^ Network structureis the crucial part for any application domain of Artificial Spiking Neural Network (ASNN). Thus, temporal learning rules in multilayer spiking neural networks are investigated. As extensions of single-layer learning rules, the multilayer CCDS (MutCCDS) is also developed. Correlated neurons are connected through fine-tuned weights and delays. In contrast to the multilayer Remote Supervised Method (MutReSuMe) and multilayer tempotron rule (MutTmptr), the newly developed MutCCDS shows better generalization ability and faster convergence. The proposed multilayer rules provide an efficient and biologically plausible mechanism, describing how delays and synapses in the multilayer networks are adjusted to facilitate learning. ^ Interictal spikes (IS) are morphologically defined brief events observed in electroencephalography (EEG) records from patients with epilepsy. The detection of IS remains an essential task for 3D source localization as well as in developing algorithms for seizure prediction and guided therapy. In this work, we present a new IS detection method using the Wavelet Encoding Device (WED) method together with CCDS learning rule and a specially designed Spiking Neural Network (SNN) structure. The results confirm the ability of such SNN to achieve good performance for automatically detecting such events from multichannel EEG records.^

Subject Area

Biomedical engineering

Recommended Citation

Guo, Lilin, "A Biologically Plausible Supervised Learning Method for Spiking Neurons with Real-World Applications" (2016). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI10743576.
http://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/dissertations/AAI10743576

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