Date of Award
Bachelor of Science
Majority of the microbial activity in humans is in the form of biofilms i.e. an Exopolysaccharide-enclosed bacterial mass. Unlike planktonic cells and the cells on the surface of the biofilm, the biofilm-embedded cells are more resistant to the effects of the antibiotics and the host cellular defense mechanisms. A combination of biofilm growth and inherent resistance prevents effective antibiotics treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections including those in patients with cystic fibrosis. This has lead to an increasing interest in alternative modalities of treatment. Thus, phages that multiply in situ, only in the presence of susceptible hosts can be used as natural, self-limiting, and deeply penetrating antibacterial agents. The objective of this study is to identify effective phages against a collection of P. aeruginosa isolates (PCOR strains) including the prototype PAOl and the isogenic constitutively alginate-producing PD0300 strains.These PCOR strains were tested against six phages (P105, P134, P140, P168, P175B and P182). Analysis shows 69 % of the PCOR isolates are sensitive and the rest are resistant to all six phages. These phages were then tested for their ability to inhibit biofilm formation using a modified biofilm assay. The analysis demonstrated that the sensitive strains showed increased resistance but none of the sensitive strains from the initial screening were resistant. Using the minimum biofilm eradication concentration (MBEC) assay for biofilm formation, the biofilm eradication ability of the phages was tested. The data showed that a higher volume of phage was required to eradicate preformed biofilms than the volume required to prevent colonization of planktonic cells. This data supports the idea of phage therapy more as a prophylactic treatment.
Gurkar, Aditi, "Potential Application of Phage Therapy Against Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Infection in Cystic Fibrosis Patients" (2005). Department of Biological Sciences - Undergraduate Honors Theses. Paper 11.